The traditional history of sound is the history of musical instruments, the anatomy of vocal and hearing systems, musical gestures, well‐established theories in treatises and its written notation codes. Can we safely say that more than 140 years of sound recording have managed to transform this historical background? And to what extent did sound recording influence the future of music? The invention of the phonograph led to the creation of a history of sound events as well, which is examined in this book from a specific perspective: how is musical publishing effected when sound becomes a document, when it enters into public or private archives, becomes part of a catalog and it can be preserved, analyzed and re‐edited. But there’s more. This book also looks at the history of music. The latter has also changed because recording has affected performers and composers, creating new audiences and new repertories. This book contains contributions from researchers and Ph.D. students who conducted their research at MIRAGE.